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It resembles a monolith pillar due to its small sizes and architectural solutions.
It was built in the 7th century and has come to our days almost intact. Oshakan village has been a holy place since the 5th century, when in 440 due to the duke Vahan Amatuni’s efforts the creator of Armenian alphabet Mesrop Mashtots was buried there and a small church was built over his tomb.
When in the beginning of the 20th century this site was being excavated many specialists could hardly accept its reconstruction model designed by famous Armenian architect Toros Toramanyan as it was difficult to believe that such a huge and complicated construction could have been built those days, and amazingly at that time one of the bas-relieves of St.
Chapelle church in Paris came to prove Toramanyan’s version; the bas-relief depicts Zvartnots temple with Noah’s Ark and it looks like the model represented by the architect. 5 km far from Hovhanavank monastery on the edge of Kasakh river canyon, in the 13th century Vachutian dukes built Saghmosavank monastery.
There is no written testimony concerning the date of its foundation, but according to the constructional solutions it has gained its place among the 9th century architectural pillars.
This cozy church is built of roughly hewn stone and looks rather modest. A marvelous scene opens in the north-western part of Sevan Lake, where the peninsula towers over the transparent surface of the lake.
Its collections comprise ancient Armenian books and miniature paintings that have gained world-wide fame. The Cathedral of Echmiadzin was founded at the beginning of the forth century and is one of the oldest churches in the world.
The Armenian alphabet has been used to write the Armenian language since the year 405 or 406 and is still used to present Armenian language in written form.
The tomb of the Christian martyr Virgin Hripsime is in the sacristy of the church. This marvelous temple is a result of skillfulness and brave creativity of Armenian architects of the 7th century.
Having been built on several columns it could survive only till the 10th century.
The Genocide Museum is a special constituent part of the complex.
The exhibit contains many large photos taken by the witnesses, archival documents, documentary films and the original documents issued by international organizations and parliaments of foreign countries condemning the Genocide On the northern part of Mashtots avenue there is Matenadaran (a book depository), one of the world’s most ancient libraries.
At the center of the monument there is the Memorial Sepulcher with eternal flame and twelve, tall basalt slabs leaning over the flame.