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In 2016, Governor Eddie Calvo planned a decolonization referendum that the indigenous Chamorro people of Guam would solely participate in, in which the three options would be given, including statehood, independence, and free association.However, this referendum for the Chamorro people was struck down by a federal judge on the grounds of racial discrimination. The Governor hopes for a decolonization plebiscite to occur in 2018.The commission's May 2016 report states: "With academics from the University of Guam, [the Commission] was working to create and approve educational materials.The Office of the Governor was collaborating closely with the Commission" in developing educational materials for the public. 43 of The Federalist Papers, James Madison considered the implications of the definition of the "seat of government" found in the United States Constitution.It would have a political and economical treaty of association with the U. Those Free Associated States use the American dollar, receive some financial support and the promise of military defense if they refuse military access to any other country. In the 1980s and early 1990s, there was a significant movement in favor of this U. territory becoming a commonwealth, which would give it a level of self-government similar to Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands. In early December 2016, the Commission scheduled a series of education sessions in various villages about the current status of Guam's relationship with the U. and the self-determination options that might be considered.However, the federal government rejected the version of a commonwealth that the government of Guam proposed, because its clauses were incompatible with the Territorial Clause (Art. The Commission's current Executive Director is Edward Alvarez and there are ten members.The Puerto Rican status referendum of 2017 originally offered only two options: Statehood and Independence/Free Association, however a "current territorial status" was added before the referendum took place. 3.5 million citizens seeking an absolute democracy," he told the news media. In a 1982 plebiscite, voters indicated interest in seeking commonwealth status but seemed not to understand the ramifications of such a change.The referendum was held on June 11, 2017, with an overwhelming majority of voters supporting statehood at 97.16%, however with a voter turnout of 22.99%, a historical low. Governor Ricardo Rosselló is strongly in favor of statehood to help develop the economy and help to "solve our 500-year-old colonial dilemma ... Benefits of statehood include an additional billion per year in federal funds, the right to vote in presidential elections, higher Social Security and Medicare benefits, and a right for its government agencies and municipalities to file for bankruptcy. At approximately the same time as the referendum, Puerto Rico's legislators are also expected to vote on a bill that would allow the Governor to draft a state constitution and hold elections to choose senators and representatives to the United States Congress. The island has been considering another non-binding plebiscite on decolonization since 1998.
In some cases, an entire territory became a state; in others some part of a territory became a state. Congress then directed that government to organize a constitutional convention to write a state constitution. The Constitution of Puerto Rico which became effective in 1952 adopted the name of Estado Libre Asociado (literally translated as "Free Associated State"), officially translated into English as Commonwealth, for its body politic.
If the majority voted for Independence/Free Association, a second vote would have been held to determine the preference: full independence as a nation or associated free state status with independence but with a "free and voluntary political association" between Puerto Rico and the United States. That document might cover topics such as the role of the US military in Puerto Rico, the use of the U. currency, free trade between the two entities, and whether Puerto Ricans would be U. Regardless of the outcome of the referendum or the bill on drafting a constitution, action by Congress would be necessary to implement changes to the status of Puerto Rico under the Territorial Clause of the United States Constitution. Guam (formally the Territory of Guam) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States. Governor Eddie Baza Calvo intended to include one during the island's November 2016 elections but it was delayed again. In 2013, the Commission began seeking funding to start a public education campaign.
The specifics of the association agreement would be detailed in the Compact of Free Association that would be negotiated between the U. If the majority of Puerto Ricans were to choose the Free Association option – and only 33% voted for it in 2012 – and if it were granted by the US Congress, Puerto Rico would become a Free Associated State, a virtually independent nation. This could give Puerto Rico a similar status to Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, and Palau, countries which currently have a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Located in the western Pacific Ocean, Guam is one of five American territories with an established civilian government. A Commission on Decolonization was established in 1997 to educate the people of Guam about the various political status options in its relationship with the U. There were few subsequent developments until late 2016.
The 110th Congress returned the Commissioner's power to vote in the Committee of the Whole, but not on matters where the vote would represent a decisive participation. presidential elections, provided they reside in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia and not in Puerto Rico itself. Most Puerto Rico residents do not pay federal income tax but do pay federal payroll taxes (Social Security and Medicare). This is a history-making moment where voters asked to move forward." Several days after the referendum, the Resident Commissioner Pedro Pierluisi, Governor Luis Fortuño, and Governor-elect Alejandro García Padilla wrote separate letters to the President of the United States, Barack Obama, addressing the results of the voting.
Puerto Rico has elections on the United States presidential primary or caucus of the Democratic Party and the Republican Party to select delegates to the respective parties' national conventions although presidential electors are not granted on the Electoral College. However, federal employees, those who do business with the federal government, Puerto Rico–based corporations that intend to send funds to the U. Pierluisi urged Obama to begin legislation in favor of the statehood of Puerto Rico, in light of its win in the referendum.
The White House stance related to the November 2012 plebiscite was that the results were clear, the people of Puerto Rico want the issue of status resolved, and a majority chose statehood in the second question.