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; Laz: ართვინი Artvini, Armenian: Արդվին Ardvin) is a city in northeastern Turkey about 30 km inland from the Black Sea.
It is located on a hill overlooking the Çoruh River near the Deriner Dam.
The history of the Shroud of Turin can be best studied by dividing it into two specific categories.
The general consensus of even the most doubting researchers is to accept a "1350" date as the beginning of the "undisputed" or documented history of the Shroud of Turin.
It is a former bishopric and (vacant) Armenian Catholic titular see and the home of Artvin Çoruh University.
The area has a rich history but has not been studied extensively by archaeologists in recent decades.
Various Turkish clans fought for control over the area and this continued until the Safavids ultimately took advantage of this fighting and conquered the area in 1502.
Artvin was in a war zone and continuously changing control between Russia and Turkey with the Treaties of Brest-Litovsk, Moscow and Kars.In an effort to bring factual information to the viewers of this website, I am including here only the undisputed history as accepted by most scholars.I am also limiting the scope of this history to only the more significant events.The site consists of a single circuit wall surrounding the summit of the outcrop, several impressive rooms, an outwork protecting the south entrance, and a large donjon at the west.There are also embrasures and windows suitable for archers.
On 13 July 1551, with İskender Pasha's Ardanuç castle, the Ottoman control of Artvin was secure.